Bunion, also known as hallux valgus, is a common foot condition that affects the big toe joint. It is a deformity that pushes the tip of the big toe against the second toe which creates a noticeable bony bump at the big toe joint.
Early detection of bunions is crucial in order to minimise the deformity and manage pain. In many cases, they can be effectively treated without requiring surgery (bunionectomy). Here is a look at some of the non-invasive treatments for bunions.
Mild to severe pain is a common symptom of a bunion. As the condition progresses, swelling becomes more prominent. Ice application can be effective as part of a complete treatment programme. Apply ice packs to the big toe frequently throughout the day to reduce pain and inflammation.
Footwear choices can also affect the formation of a bunion. Wearing tight-fitting shoes and high heels can make the bunions worse as they put excessive pressure on the big toe. Comfortable wide-fitting shoes with proper cushioning are recommended to remove any excessive pressure from the bunion.
Stretching and strengthening exercises can also be recommended by physiotherapists and foot specialists to promote movement in the big toe. For example, the towel crunch exercise and toe spread exercise can be effective in improving flexibility and strengthening the big toe.
Use of Foot Insoles
A major risk factor for bunions is a weak foot posture. For instance, with flat feet, as the foot arch collapses, it leads to an uneven distribution of pressure in the feet. This places excessive pressure on the forefoot, particularly the big toe.
As the big toe plays an important role in walking during push-off, the excessive pressure can eventually lead to the development of a bunion. Foot insoles can be prescribed by foot specialists to treat the underlying causes of a bunion as well as the symptoms.
By supporting the feet in their corrected posture, MASS4D® insoles help promote healthy distribution of weight in the feet. This removes any excessive pressure from the big toe and allows the big toe to heal properly.
Combined with ice therapy, comfortable footwear and clinician-recommended exercises, MASS4D® foot insoles can be very beneficial in the successful treatment and recovery from bunions.
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Reference: York, P. J., Wydra, F. B., Hunt, K. J. (2017) Injuries to the Great Toe. Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine: March 2017, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 104-112
Reference: Kim, M., Yi, C., Weon, J., Cynn, H., Jung, D., Kwon, O. (2015) Effect of Toe-Spread-Out Exercise on Hallux Valgus Angle and Cross-Sectional Area of Abductor Hallucis Muscle in Subjects with Hallux Valgus. Journal of Physical Therapy Science: April 2015, Vol. 27, No. 4, pp. 1019-1022
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