A heel spur is an abnormal bony formation that is caused by repeated stress/trauma. It occurs at or near the point where the plantar fascia ligament attaches to the heel bone.
There are many common causes of heel spurs, with symptoms including inflammation and tenderness under the heel bone, especially during weightbearing activities. Pain can range from mild to severe, and in some cases, may cause difficulty during weightbearing activities such as walking, running or playing sports.
A major contributor to the development of heel spurs is a weak foot posture. For instance, with flat feet, a weakened medial foot arch causes the plantar fascia ligament to stretch excessively. This creates an inward pull at the heel bone which may cause or contribute to a heel spur formation.
For proper diagnosis and to determine the risk factors, x-rays as well as examining the muscle strength, foot stability and foot posture may be required. Non-invasive treatment options are available for treating and/or managing heel spurs.
Foot insole therapy is commonly prescribed because of its high potential for improving treatment outcomes. MASS4D® insoles support the feet in their optimal posture, allowing the plantar fascia to work efficiently and minimise the pulling sensation produced at the heel bone.
MASS4D® insoles help support the weakened medial arch to an optimal level that promotes normal range of motion in the feet. This promotes stability and removes any excessive stress on the heel bone caused by a flattened foot arch.
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Reference: Irving D., Young A. M., Cook J., Menz H. (2007) Obesity and pronated foot type may increase the risk of chronic plantar heel pain: A matched case-control study. BioMed Central Musculoskeletal Disorders: May 2007, Vol. 8, No. 41, doi:10.1186/1471-2474-8-41.
Reference: Kogler G.F., Solomonidis S.E., Paul J.P. (1996) Biomechanics of longitudinal arch support mechanisms in foot orthoses and their effect on plantar aponeurosis strain. Clinical biomechanics: July 1996, Vol. 11, No. 5, pp. 243-252
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