A cavus foot, or more commonly known as a high arch foot, is a foot deformity that is the opposite of a flatfoot. In this condition, the arch or the bridge of the foot is abnormally high, and a person tends to walk on the outside of their foot.
To better understand a cavus foot, let’s take a look at what a healthy foot is like. In a healthy foot, the arch is raised enough to create a spring-like effect while walking. The function of the big toe is important in creating that push that allows healthy foot movement during the walking or running stance.
In a high arch foot, the role of the big toe is limited as more weight is placed on the outside of the foot. This adds excessive pressure on the heel and outside of the foot while standing or walking. The condition can occur in one or both feet.
A cavus foot can be caused by hereditary factors, health conditions such as cerebral palsy, or neurological disorders. It is very important to accurately diagnose the condition so that the treatment programme can address the underlying cause of the problem.
Morton’s neuroma, metatarsalgia, plantar fasciitis, IT band syndrome, calluses on the side of heel and outside of the foot, and pain are symptoms of a cavus foot. Instability is quite common in a high arch foot as the heel tends to lean to the outer side of the foot, which can increase the risk of ankle injuries.
Posture issues can also be caused by a cavus foot. Patients may experience pain in the knees, hips, and the lower back due to added stress. This is because a high arched foot can cause an external twist in the shin and thigh bones. In extreme cases, this may lead to the appearance of bowleggedness where the knees are wide apart while the ankles are together.
A complete review of the family history of the patient is necessary for diagnosis. The walking patterns, foot stability, and muscle strength of the patient should be examined. If the condition is neurological (related to the nervous system), then a complete lower body examination is required.
X-rays can be required to better understand the condition. The doctor may also recommend a visit to a neurologist if the condition is neurological.
Treatments for high arched feet involve the use of custom foot insoles to properly balance the foot and provide stability and support. Doctors recommend wearing foot insoles in shoes that can accommodate the height of the foot arch for maximum comfort.
Custom foot insoles like MASS4D® are truly unique to your feet and are effective as part of a comprehensive treatment programme. MASS4D® insoles offer full-contact support that allows the feet to relax by increasing the contact area along the bottom of the foot. By properly supporting the outside of the foot, MASS4D® promotes healthy distribution of weight and reduces excessive foot pressure.
Contact us today and we’ll put you in touch with a certified MASS4D® provider in your area.
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