The purpose of this study was to determine whether anthropometric differences exist in the foot and ankle complex between obese and non-obese children.
Ten obese and ten non-obese children (14 boys and 6 girls) participated in this study.
The arch height index measurement system, developed at the Temple University School of Podiatric Medicine, was used for all of the arch height measurements.
Measurements were taken while the participant was sitting (nonweightbearing) and standing (weightbearing).
Arch height parameters were calculated to assess the effect of excess mass on foot mobility.
Arch height index was used to measure foot flexibility when moving from a seated to a standing position.
The arch rigidity index ratio was measured to determine the ability of the foot to maintain the structural arch when placed in a weightbearing position.
Arch drop was used to determine the amount of flexibility that occurs in the foot when transferring from a nonweightbearing to a weightbearing position.
The bisection of the calcaneus was determined before measuring any foot alignment parameter. To identify this landmark, the calcaneus was palpated along its medial and lateral borders.
The forefoot-rearfoot relationship was used to describe the effect of the forefoot on pronation through the identification of foot type.
The resting calcaneal stance position was used to describe the position of the hindfoot (ie, varus or valgus) as it relates to biomechanical function.
The malleolar valgus index was assessed to quantify the degree of pronatory malalignment in the rearfoot while weightbearing.
Active ankle dorsiflexion was measured with the participant prone on a plinth and the knee at 0 degree of extension and 90 degree of flexion.
Although no significant findings existed in the foot morphology parameters, significant differences in active ankle dorsiflexion and several arch height parameters were found between obese and non-obese children.
Copyright 2018 MASS4D® All rights reserved.
Rehabilitation of Your Foot and Lower Back Conditions.
Long Lasting Wear
Strong Foot Support
Easy to use
Handmade MASS4D® Quality
Sign up for free recommended foot exercises, stretching, medical news and everything good for your feet
Please have a a look at our medical reviews and clinical articles on everything about lower biomechanics.
You should always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions regarding personal health or medical conditions.
The content, products and services offered herein, are here to educate consumers on healthcare and medical issues that may affect their daily lives. Nothing in the content, products or services should be considered, or used as a substitute for, medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. This site and its services do not constitute the practice of any medical, nursing or other professional healthcare advice, diagnosis or treatment.
The marks "MASS4D" and the MASS4D logo are trademarks. The content and design of MASS4D.com is protected by U.S. and international copyright laws. You may not copy, reproduce, republish, upload, post, display, transmit or frame any of these materials without prior written consent from MASS4D®.
The content, products or services on this site should not be considered or used as a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and is not intended to provide individual medical advice. Included materials and conversations do not imply a personalised doctor-patient relationship.
Copyright and Intellectual property
MASS4D® is owned and operated by Scheibye General Trading LLC - Licence no: 853463
MASS4D® and Logo are registered trademarks of MASS4D Inc. All content, trademarks, artwork, and associated imagery are trademarks and/or copyright material of MASS4D® Inc.