Skateboarding is a popular recreational activity that involves the use of skateboards to navigate through challenging obstacles that are constructed in the form of elaborate ramps and other skate structures.
Pathomechanical changes to rearfoot kinematics, resulting from structural or functional deformities of the foot, can cause considerable alterations in ambulation due to irregularities in biomechanical coordination.
Designing rehabilitative programmes for a patient following a corrective first metatarsal osteotomy involves the consideration of changes to physiological gait patterns caused by alteration to the angular values of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint.
The athleticism of dancing involves the performance of complex manoeuvres, footwork combinations and intricate body movements; this places an intense level of demand on the musculoskeletal system and can predispose a dancer to a number of pathologies and/or conditions.
Fall-related injuries continue to pose a significant health risk for older adults in terms of physical disability, diminished quality of life, increased hospitalisation costs and in severe cases, death.
A cavus foot deformity refers to an abnormally elevated medial arch which is marked by a varus hindfoot, high calcaneal pitch, high-pitched midfoot and a plantar flexed-adducted forefoot.
The transverse arch of the foot follows the coronal plane and is composed of the bases of five metatarsal heads, three cuneiforms and the cuboid.
The estimation and evaluation of ground reaction forces can have significant implications in the biomechanical analysis procedure, especially while determining a pathological gait.
The symptomatology of a blockage or disruption in the flow of oxygenated blood and nutrients to the brain may include complications in gait such as impaired mobility and a loss in balance control.
The origin of the abductor digiti minimi muscle involves both, the medial and lateral processes of the posterior calcaneal tuberosity in addition to the plantar aponeurosis and the septum.
Gait alterations occur as a result of postural adaptations undertaken by the body to accommodate the increase in body mass during pregnancy. This includes changes in the alignment of the musculoskeletal system and an anterior displacement of the centre of gravity.
Plantar pressure distribution is considered a significant indicator of various foot pathologies as it provides valuable information regarding gait kinematics and ground reaction forces acting on the foot.