The prevalence of running injuries in marathons makes it essential for both athletes and clinicians to gain an understanding of the internal and external factors that are responsible for increasing the risk of injury.
Appropriate training and preventative programmes need to be formulated to help the athlete achieve the most out of their performance while avoiding the loss of significant training time.
Thomas Stöggl and Tobias Wunsch, from the Department of Sport Science and Kinesiology at the University of Salzburg, established that running distance is one of the strongest risk factors associated with injury; this includes sudden increases in running mileage or change in training volume/intensity.
This makes it necessary for runners to ensure they continually increase their weekly volume in the weeks leading up to the marathon in order to develop better muscle strength and endurance and reduce the risk of injury.
The authors further identified previous musculoskeletal injuries as increasing the predisposition of an individual to re-injuries in the long term, that is, if the athlete makes an early return to running events without allowing for full recovery.
An athlete’s level of experience can also determine their capability to recover from an injury, with studies reporting that runners with a running experience of more than 10 years are more likely to recover faster than amateur runners.
Nicola et al. further highlighted the need for evaluating intrinsic and extrinsic factors in the designing of individualised rehabilitation plans by outlining specific determining factors such as running terrain, shoes, bodyweight, age and alteration in training.
The authors recommend that underlying risk factors such as strength and flexibility deficits need to be addressed through training aimed at improving flexibility of the iliotibial band, hamstring, hip flexors and gastrocsoleus complex.
The additional stress of an abnormal foot posture on the kinetic chain can facilitate the onset of overuse injuries because of the unhealthy movement of the body in conjunction with the repetitive movements of the lower limbs required while running.
A customised orthotic intervention in the form of MASS4D® foot orthotics should be incorporated as part of a preventative programme to reduce excessive pronation in runners in order to improve their performance and protect them from musculoskeletal disorders in the long-term.
Copyright 2018 MASS4D® All rights reserved.
Rehabilitation of Your Foot and Lower Back Conditions.
Long Lasting Wear
Strong Foot Support
Easy to use
Handmade MASS4D® Quality
Sign up for free recommended foot exercises, stretching, medical news and everything good for your feet
Please have a a look at our medical reviews and clinical articles on everything about lower biomechanics.
You should always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions regarding personal health or medical conditions.
The content, products and services offered herein, are here to educate consumers on healthcare and medical issues that may affect their daily lives. Nothing in the content, products or services should be considered, or used as a substitute for, medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. This site and its services do not constitute the practice of any medical, nursing or other professional healthcare advice, diagnosis or treatment.
The marks "MASS4D" and the MASS4D logo are trademarks. The content and design of MASS4D.com is protected by U.S. and international copyright laws. You may not copy, reproduce, republish, upload, post, display, transmit or frame any of these materials without prior written consent from MASS4D®.
The content, products or services on this site should not be considered or used as a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and is not intended to provide individual medical advice. Included materials and conversations do not imply a personalised doctor-patient relationship.
Copyright and Intellectual property
MASS4D® is owned and operated by Scheibye General Trading LLC - Licence no: 853463
MASS4D® and Logo are registered trademarks of MASS4D Inc. All content, trademarks, artwork, and associated imagery are trademarks and/or copyright material of MASS4D® Inc.